Adria LaViolette

Region of Interest


Primary Country of Residence

United States of America


Associate Professor


University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia


Mailing Address

Department of Anthropology
University of Virginia
P.O. Box 400120
Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4120 USA

Phone/Fax Number(s)

phone: 434-982-2631
fax: 434-924-1350

Countries of Specialization

Mali ; Tanzania

Research Interests

Archaeology, with a research focus on the Iron Age of West Africa,
non-industrial craft production in Mali, and archaeology in East Africa.
Currently working on Pemba Island, Tanzania on 8th-16th-century Swahili
settlements, both stonetown centers and rural villages, comparing elite and
non-elite households, and changes in political economy.


In press. "Swahili Archaeology and Historical Sources on Pemba Island, Tanzania:
A Critique and Case Study." In African Historical Archaeologies, Ed. by
P. Lane and A. Reid. Kluwer Academic/Plenum.

In press. "Teaching Archaeology in Tanzania: A Consideration of Educational
Development at the University of Dar es Salaam. Anthropological

2000 Ethno-archaeology in Jenné, Mali: Craft and Status among Smiths,
Potters and Masons. Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology; 49. British
Archaeological Reports International Series.

1999 "Elusive Wattle-and-Daub: Finding the Hidden Majority in the
Archaeology of the Swahili" Azania. 34:87-108. (with J. Fleisher).

1995 "Women Craft Specialists in Jenné: The Manipulation of Mande Social
Categories." In Status and Identity in West Africa: Nyamakalaw of Mande.
Ed. by D. C. Conrad and B. E. Frank. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
(pp. 170-81.)

1994 "Masons of Mali: A Millennium of Design and Technology in Earthen
Materials." In Society, Culture, and Technology in Africa. Ed. by
S. T. Childs. MASCA Research Papers in Science and Archaeology, Supplement to
Vol. 11. Philadelphia. (pp. 86-97.)

1994 "Forgerons, menuisiers, orfèvres et piroguiers-charpentiers." In Djenné:
Une Ville Millénaire au Mali. Ed. by R. M. A. Bedaux and J. D. van der
Waals. Leiden: Rijksmuseum voor Volkenkunde. (pp. 149-58.)

1990 "Iron Age Settlement around Mkiu, South-eastern Tanzania."
Azania. 25:19-26. (with W. B. Fawcett).

Non-Peer Reviewed Articles:

1999 "Swahili Archaeology on Pemba Island, Tanzania: Pujini, Bandari ya
Faraji, and Chwaka, 1997-'98." Nyame Akuma. 53:50-63.

1999 "The Recovery of Swahili Settlements in the Absence of Stone
Architecture: Two Preliminary Surveys from Pemba Island, Tanzania."
Nyame Akuma. 52:64-73. (with J. Fleisher).

1999 "Survey and Excavations between Dar es Salaam and Bagamoyo: University
of Dar es Salaam Archaeological Field School, 1988 (Part 2)" Nyame
Akuma. 52:74-78. (with W. B. Fawcett, N. J. Karoma, and P. R. Schmidt).

1996 "Report on Excavations at the Swahili Site of Pujini, Pemba Island,
Tanzania." Nyame Akuma. 46:72-83.

1995 "Reconnaissance of Sites Bearing Triangular Incised (Tana Tradition)
Ware on Pemba Island, Tanzania." Nyame Akuma. 44:59-65 (with J.

1989 "Preliminary Report: Excavations and Survey at Pujini, A Fortress on
Pemba Island, Tanzania." Nyame Akuma. 32:35-38.


archaeology ; Iron Age ; Pemba Island ; political economy ; West Africa ; East Africa